Revelation 19:11-16

Sunday Morning Bible Study

June 10, 2012


Do people see Jesus? Is the gospel preached? Does it speak to the broken hearted? Does it build up the church? Milk – Meat – Manna Preach for a decision Is the church loved?

Do you remember as a kid what it was like to wait all year long for Christmas to come?  Do you remember asking your mom and dad every day for two months, “How long until Christmas?” (that’s a picture of me on Christmas day, 1962, the year I got “the bike”)

We’ve taken a year to look at the events in our near future, the events of the coming seven year Tribulation.

It’s been a long grueling journey, seeing how evil the world will become and what it will be like as God’s wrath is poured out on an unbelieving world.

But the event we’ve been looking for is finally here.  It’s even better than Christmas.

In the main reading room of the Library of Congress, there are statues around the room up near the domed ceiling with famous quotes above each statue.

One statue is called “History”, a woman holding a mirror that faces backwards, reflecting what’s behind her. Above her head is a quote by Alfred Tennyson (1809-1892)

What is that event?  The Second Coming of Christ.

Isaiah wrote,

(Is 25:9 NKJV) And it will be said in that day: “Behold, this is our God; We have waited for Him, and He will save us. This is the Lord; We have waited for Him; We will be glad and rejoice in His salvation.”

This is that moment (stand and follow in your Bibles as I read…)

(Re 19:11–16 NKJV) —11 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. 12 His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. 13 He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. 15 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

19:11-16 Jesus Returns

:11 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war.

:11 openedanoigo – to open

:11 I saw heaven opened

The sky pealed back, almost like somebody “unzips” the sky.

:11 a white horse

Some have seen this white horse as evidence that there are indeed animals in heaven.  Jesus comes back riding on a white horse.

:11 faithfulpistos – trusty, faithful; of persons who show themselves faithful in the transaction of business, the execution of commands, or the discharge of official duties; that can be relied on

:11 truealethinos – that which has not only the name and resemblance, but the real nature corresponding to the name, in every respect corresponding to the idea signified by the name, real, true genuine; opposite to what is fictitious, counterfeit, imaginary, simulated or pretended; true, veracious, sincere

:11 in righteousness He judges and makes war

Whether it’s a decision about war, or a decision about judgment, all of Jesus’ decisions are right ones – they are all made in “righteousness”.


A woman who was called to jury duty told the presiding judge that she was not qualified to serve because she did not believe in capital punishment. The judge said, “You don’t understand, madam. This is a civil case involving a man who spent five thousand dollars of his wife’s money on gambling and other women.” To which the woman replied eagerly, “I’ll be happy to serve, your honor, and I’ve changed my mind about capital punishment.”
--James S. Hewett, Illustrations Unlimited (Wheaton: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc, 1988), p. 414.
Jesus doesn’t “change His mind” about things on some sort of “whim”.  What’s right has always been right, what’s wrong has always been wrong. He always does what is right.

:11 called Faithful and True


Count on Him

There are times when people will let you down.  Solomon wrote,
(Pr 25:19 NKJV) Confidence in an unfaithful man in time of trouble Is like a bad tooth and a foot out of joint.

There were six Navy pilots who left their aircraft carrier on a scouting mission during World War II, searching the seas for enemy submarines believed operating in the area.  When they tried to return, they could not find their ship.  It seems that while they were gone, the captain had ordered a war-imposed blackout of all lights on the ship.  Over and over the frantic pilots radioed, asking for just one light so they could see to land.  The pilots were then told of the blackout and that it could not be lifted even for them. After several appeals and denials of their requests, the ship’s radio operator finally turned the switch to break radio contact.  The pilots were forced to ditch in the cold Atlantic and from there into eternity.  The pilots left the ship thinking they would be able to return, but couldn’t count on the ship when they needed it.

The problem is that sometimes we apply these same ideas to the Lord.
We are in trouble and call out to Him and all we seem to get is “radio silence”.

It doesn’t seem like He’s going to fix our problem.  In fact, things seem to get worse.

Our problem is that we form our ideas about God’s faithfulness by what is happening over today, this week, or this year’s events.
God’s faithfulness is proven over our entire lives.  When we get to heaven, we will see that God has been faithful.
When Joseph was a young man, it seemed like his life would be a great one.  He even had dreams about his brothers all bowing before him.
But what happened was that his brothers betrayed him, kidnapped him, and sold him to be a slave in Egypt.

What is so “great” about that?  And yet even as a slave …

(Ge 39:2 NKJV) The Lord was with Joseph…

As Joseph prospered even as a slave, he found himself in a difficult predicament, where his master’s wife began to flirt with him.  When Joseph took his stand and would not commit adultery with his master’s wife, he found himself thrown into prison, falsely accused by the scorned woman.

What is so “great” about that?  And yet even as a prisoner …

(Ge 39:21 NKJV) But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him mercy…

After having spent years as a slave and a prisoner, the day came when Joseph found himself before Pharaoh, interpreting Pharaoh’s dream.

Though Joseph would become the #2 man in Egypt, for years his life consisted of betrayal, slavery, and unfairness.

Was God faithful to Joseph?

Yes.  But you have to wait to the end of the story to see how God worked it all out.

The way God worked it out was to use all these difficult times in Joseph’s life to save his own family, and even “save the world”.

Jesus is faithful and true.
Things may be difficult now, but you can count on Him.  Wait until the end of the story … your story.

:12 His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself.

:12 eyesophthalmos – the eye

:12 flamephlox – a flame

:12 crownsdiadema – a diadem; a blue band marked with white which Persian kings used to bind on the turban or tiara; the kingly ornament for the head, the crown

:12 His eyes were like a flame of fire

It speaks of Him coming in judgment.

:12 on His head were many crowns

These are not “victor’s crowns”, like the ones that were given out in the Olympic games.

These are crowns of royalty.

:12 a name written that no one knew except Himself

This reminds me of the person in the Old Testament known as the “angel of the LORD”, who we have come to find out is Jesus.

When the angel of the LORD met Samson’s parents:

(Jdg 13:17–18 NKJV) —17 Then Manoah said to the Angel of the Lord, “What is Your name, that when Your words come to pass we may honor You?” 18 And the Angel of the Lord said to him, “Why do you ask My name, seeing it is wonderful?”
:18 wonderfulpil’iy – wonderful, incomprehensible, extraordinary
(Jdg 13:18 AV) —18 And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is secret?
(Jdg 13:18 The Message) —18 The angel of God said, “What’s this? You ask for my name? You wouldn’t understand—it’s sheer wonder.”
(Jdg 13:18 NLT) “Why do you ask my name?” the angel of the Lord replied. “It is too wonderful for you to understand.”

:13 He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.

:13 clothedperiballo – to throw around, to put around; of garments, to clothe one

The language speaks of an outer garment like a robe having been thrown around his shoulders.

:13 robehimation – a garment (of any sort); the upper garment, the cloak or mantle

:13 dippedbapto – to dip, dip in, immerse; to dip into dye, to dye, color

Perfect tense – it’s been dipped in the past and still is dipped.

:13 the Wordlogos – a word, uttered by a living voice, embodies a conception or idea; what is declared

:13 a robe dipped in blood

Why is Jesus’ robe dipped in blood?

Don’t think that it’s His blood here.  It’s not.  It’s the blood of God’s enemies.
It’s because He’s been treading the winepress of the wrath of God (Rev. 19:15)
(Is 63:1–3 NKJV)1 Who is this who comes from Edom, With dyed garments from Bozrah, This One who is glorious in His apparel, Traveling in the greatness of His strength?— “I who speak in righteousness, mighty to save.” 2 Why is Your apparel red, And Your garments like one who treads in the winepress? 3 “I have trodden the winepress alone, And from the peoples no one was with Me. For I have trodden them in My anger, And trampled them in My fury; Their blood is sprinkled upon My garments, And I have stained all My robes.
Play Jerusalem Bozrah map video
During the Tribulation, the Jews will flee from Jerusalem as they are persecuted by the antichrist.  We believe that when Jesus first returns to the earth, He will return to rescue the Jews in the wilderness, the current nation of Jordan, where Bozrah is located. (Rev. 12:6; Mat. 24:16). 
As He rescues the Jews, His robe is stained by the blood of the enemies He has slain in battle.
And now in our passage, He has gone back to heaven to get His armies as He comes to take the rest of the earth in battle.

:13 His name is called The Word of God

We’ve seen this title for Jesus back in the Gospel of John:

(Jn 1:1 NKJV) In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Jesus is the “expression” of God.  He’s the One who tells us and shows us just who God is, because He is God.
This is a title for Jesus that is unique to John’s writings.
Whether you were Jew or Greek, you knew this term.  You knew it as the expression of God.  You knew it as the thing that brings design and purpose to the world.  You knew it as the thing that holds the world together.

:14 And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses.

:14 armiesstrateuma – an army; a band of soldiers

:14 followedakoloutheo – to follow one who precedes, join him as his attendant, accompany him

:14 clothedenduo – to sink into (clothing), put on, clothe one’s self

A different word than the one used to describe how Jesus is “clothed”. This isn’t the open robe tossed around your shoulders, but the tunic that has been put on over your head.

:14 fine linenbussinos – a costly fine white linen cloth made from a species of Egyptian flax

:14 whiteleukos – light, bright, brilliant

:14 cleankatharos – clean, pure

:14 the armies in heaven

You will find a phrase in the Bible, “the Lord of Sabaoth” or “Lord of hosts”

“Sabaoth” is not the same as “Sabbath”.  “Sabaoth” (sometimes translated as “hosts”) means “armies”.  He is the head of the armies of heaven.

In some places in the Bible, the armies of heaven consist of the angels.

But here, we believe that the “armies” refer to us.

One of the earliest prophecies of the Bible, referred to by Jude, refers to this event:
(Jud 1:14 NKJV) Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints,

In other words, WE’RE with Jesus on white horses.

:14 clothed in fine linen, white and clean

This sounds very similar to what the Bride of Christ is wearing:

(Re 19:8 NKJV) And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
Here:  ενδεδυμενοι βυσσινον λευκον και καθαρον
In 19:8 περιβαληται βυσσινον καθαρον και λαμπρον

Two different but similar words used for “white” or “bright”

After all we are the Bride of Christ.


Let Him do the fighting

Jesus is the One who is wearing the blood of battle while we, the saints, are dressed in spotless white garments.
The implication is that He’s been fighting, and we are just following.
He’s much better in battle than we are.
There are times in life when we would be much better off leaving the fighting to God.  Paul wrote,

(Ro 12:19 NKJV) Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.

We get ourselves into trouble when we get angry and try to take things into our own hands and get revenge on those who have hurt us.
Play Menopausal Parking Lot

:15 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

:15 goesekporeuomai – to go forth, go out, depart; to come forth, to issue, to proceed

:15 swordrhomphaia – a large sword; properly a long Thracian javelin, also a kind of long sword wont to be worn on the right shoulder

:15 sharpoxus – sharp; swift, quick

:15 strikepatasso – to strike gently: as a part or a member of the body; to stroke, smite: with the sword, to afflict, to visit with evils, etc. as with a deadly disease; to smite down, cut down, to kill, slay

(Mt 26:51 NKJV) And suddenly, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew his sword, struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.

(Ac 12:7 NKJV) —7 Now behold, an angel of the Lord stood by him, and a light shone in the prison; and he struck Peter on the side and raised him up, saying, “Arise quickly!” And his chains fell off his hands.

:15 rulepoimaino – to feed, to tend a flock, keep sheep; to rule, govern

:15 rodrhabdos – a staff, a walking stick, a twig, rod, branch; the staff used by shepherds, the scepter used by kings

:15 treadspateo – to tread; to trample, crush with the feet

:15 winepress – two words

lenos – a tub or trough shaped receptacle, vat, in which grapes are trodden

oinos – wine

:15 fiercenessthumos – passion, angry, heat, anger forthwith boiling up and soon subsiding again; glow, ardour, the wine of passion, inflaming wine (which either drives the drinker mad or kills him with its strength)

:15 wrathorge – anger, the natural disposition, temper, character; anger, wrath, indignation

John uses here both words that seem to be used interchangeably throughout Revelation for “wrath” – both thumos and orge.

:15 out of His mouth goes a sharp sword

He is called “the Word of God”

Out of a person’s mouth come “words
Out of His mouth comes a sharp sword.

This is what He will use to “strike” the nations.



Though we don’t wrestle with flesh and blood, there are spiritual battles that we need to be fighting.
We happen to have the same weapon as Jesus at our disposal.
(Heb 4:12 NKJV) For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
To be honest, our “sword” is a bit smaller than His sword.

The word for “sword” in Hebrews is a small sword.  The one coming out of Jesus’ mouth is a HUGE sword.

Our sword is one of the most important weapons or tools we have at our disposal in learning to live the Christian life.

As Paul was describing the things we have available to fight the fight before us, he wrote,
(Eph 6:17 NKJV) And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God;
Having trouble trusting God?  There’s a sure fire way to build your faith:
(Ro 10:17 NKJV) So then faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
Looking for comfort in your difficult time?
(Ps 119:50 NKJV) This is my comfort in my affliction, For Your word has given me life.
Looking for direction in life?  Looking for help deciding which path to take?
(Ps 119:105 NKJV) Your word is a lamp to my feet And a light to my path.

:16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

:16 robehimation – the upper garment, the cloak or mantle

:16 thighmeros – thigh

:16 KINGbasileus – leader of the people, prince, commander, lord of the land, king

:16 LORDkurios – he to whom a person or thing belongs, about which he has power of deciding; master, lord; the owner; one who has control of the person, the master

:16 on His robe and on His thigh a name written

Why is it written on both His thigh and robe?

Is it so we know who it belongs to if He leaves it somewhere and forgets it?
Have you ever written your kids’ names on their jackets for when they lose them at school?
Is it so we know that the royal robe belongs to the One with the same name?
He’s not wearing anyone else’s robe.  The antichrist will come wearing the robe of the Messiah, but Jesus not only has the robe, He has the name tattooed on His thigh to prove it’s Him.


There are many “kings”, but He is the king of all those kings.

There are many “lords”, but He is the Lord of all lords.


Shadrach Meshach Lockridge (March 7, 1913 – April 4, 2000) was the Pastor of Calvary Baptist Church in San Diego from 1953 to 1993.  One of the things he’s most famous for was this excerpt from a sermon he gave in 1976:
PlayThat’s My King